Black Butte Tree and Shrub List

Baker Cypress
Baker Cypress
Native Species

These are the native trees and shrubs we have identified growing on or immediately adjacent (within a mile) of our land at Black Butte Junction:


Ponderosa Pine (Pinus ponderosa) (All over, our most common tree)
Sugar Pine (Pinus lambertiana) (Scattered/rare on our land, near the Springs and in the woods going towards the truckstop)
Knobcone Pine (Pinus attenuata) (Scattered on our land, near truckstop and across tracks)
Incense Cedar (Calocedrus decurrens) (All over, second most common tree on our land)
White Fir (Abies concolor) (Common all over our land)
Douglas Fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) (Largest ones near creek, also many recently planted)
Western Juniper (Juniperus occidentalis) (Not common, scattered across the land)

Broadleaf Trees and Shrubs:

Black Oak (Quercus kelloggii) (Scattered across the land)
Canyon Live Oak (Quercus chrysolepsis) (Scattered, relatively uncommon)
Bush Chinquapin (Chrysolepsis sempervirens) (Uncommon, near the creek and by Summit Lake)
Water Birch (Betula occidentalis) (Along creek/wetland area)
Big-leaf Maple (Acer macrophyllum) (Near Summit Lake, also re-introduced in several spots)
Black Cottonwood (Populus balsamifera) (Mostly near the creek or just south of it)
Quaking Aspen (Populus tremuloides) (Near Black Butte Springs, reintroduced along creek)
Pacific Willow (Salix lucida spp. lasiandra) (Wetlands and near pond)
Sand or Narrowleaf Willow (Salix exigua) (Along railroad near creek)
Scouler's Willow (Salix scouleriana) (Wetlands and near pond)
Mountain Dogwood (Cornus nuttallii) (Near Springs and along Black Butte creek)
Brown Dogwood (Cornus glabrata) (Wet areas south of Black Butte creek)
Red Osier Dogwood (Cornus sericea) (Mainly in wetlands south of creek)
Greenleaf Manzanita (Arctostaphylos patula) (Very common)
Bitter Brush (aka Antelope Brush) (Purshia tridentada) (Very common)
Snowbrush (aka Tobacco Brush) (Ceanothus velutinus) (Very common)
Mountain Whitethorn (Ceonothus cordulatus) (Not found right on our land, scattered/rare in Summit Lake area)
Mahala Mat (Ceanothus prostratus) (Common in open areas)
Hardhack or Douglas Spiraea (Spiraea douglasii) (Wetland understory areas)
Wood Rose (Rosa gymnocarpa) (Mainly in wetter zones near the creek)
Thimbleberry (Rubus parviflorus) (Wetland areas and near Black Butte Springs)
California or Trailing Blackberry (Rubus ursinus) (Along creek)
Western Raspberry or Blackcaps (Rubus leucodermis) (Scattered)
Western Chokecherry (Prunus virginiana) (Scattered, along trails north of creek)
Bitter Cherry (Prunus emarginata) (On old logging berms in forest areas)
Black Hawthorn (Crataegus douglassi) (Scattered, mainly along creek/wetter areas)
Western Mountain-Ash (Sorbus stichensis) (Rare, one found near creek, others have been introduced to same area)
Western Serviceberry (Amenlanchier alnifolia) (Rare, one found in meadow, others planted)
Common Rabbit-brush (Chrysothamnus nauseosus) (Compound area)
Green Rabbit-brush (Chrysothamnus viscidiflorus) (Compound area)
Basin Sagebrush (Artemesia tridentata) (Mainly in compound on south end of our land)
Red-flowering Currant (Ribes sanguineum) (Mature forest near creek)
Wax Currant (Ribes cereum) (Common all over the land, especially along berms)
White-stemmed Gooseberry (Ribes inerme) (Near creek)
Oregon Grape (Berberis aquifolium) (Mainly in forest area north of the creek)
Snowberry (Stymphoricarpos albus) (Scattered stands)
Blue Elderberry (Sambucas mexicana) (Scattered, not common)
Sierra Coffeeberry (Rhamnus rubra) (Scattered on land, relatively rare - most are on far north edge of land near CORP tracks)
Cascara (Rhamnus purshiana) (Relatively rare, a few are scattered in areas near the creek and Black Butte Springs)
Fremont silktassel (Garrya fremonti) (Rare, one large shrub is located above Black Butte Springs)

Non-Native Trees Species:

These non-native trees have been found growing on or near our land at Black Butte:

Coulter Pine (Pinus coulteri) (A stand of these southern California natives, identifiable by their huge cones, is just east of the wye. Why these trees are here is a mystery)
Giant Sequoia (Sequidendron giganteum) (Stands of this native of the western Sierra were apparently planted thirty or forty years ago north of the creek towards the western part of our land this species grows to be the largest tree in the world)
White Poplar (Populus alba) (Just east of tracks near the creek. This is an invasive European species that was probably introduced by railroad families living at Black Butte Junction in the mid-1900s)
Black Locust (Robinia pseudoacacia) (Stands of the tree, which is native to parts of the Eastern US, are located in the Summit Lake area)
Scotch Broom (Cytisus scoparius) (This invasive shrub native to Europe is not common but can be found south of Summit Lake)
Apple (Malus sp.) (Near site of former railroad housing east of tracks)

For information on the work we are doing to restore the forest areas on our land and a list of some of the native and rare species we have been planting, see our "Forest Restoration" page.